Glossary

a
Abortion

A safe way to medically end a pregnancy; must be performed by a doctor.

Abstinence

Choosing not to have sexual intercourse (vaginal or anal). For some people this may include other sexual activities such as oral sex.

AIDS

Stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a medical condition that is caused by HIV. When a person has AIDS, they have a number of infections that eventually results in death.

Anal intercourse

Form of sex where the penis is inserted into the anus.

Analingus

Licking or sucking on and around the anus; oral sex on the anus.

Anus

Bum; the opening where poop leaves the body.

Aroused

Used to describe a person who is sexually excited.

b
Balls

Slang word for testicles

Banging

Slang word for having sexual intercourse

Birth control

Ways to prevent pregnancy

Bisexual

Someone who is attracted to both men and women on many levels – emotionally, intellectually and sexually – and defines himself or herself as bisexual.

Bladder

Part of the male and female body where pee is stored

Blow job

Slang word for oral sex on the penis

Boner

Slang word for erection

Boobs

Slang word for breasts

Breasts

Sensitive glands on a female’s chest that make milk after a female gives birth

c
Cervix

Lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina

Circumcision

A procedure that removes the foreskin of the penis, usually done at birth

Clit

Slang term for clitoris

Clitoris

Part of the body that gives sexual pleasure to women, located at the top of the vagina. Stimulation leads to orgasm

Cock

Slang term for a penis

Coming out

When a person tells others their sexual orientation or gender identity

Conception

When the egg and sperm join together

Condom

Covering that can be used during sex to prevent STIs and pregnancy; both male condoms and female condoms are available

Synonyms: Condoms
Contraception

Ways of preventing pregnancy from happening; birth control

Cunnilingus

Licking or sucking a woman’s genitals; oral sex on a woman

D
Depo-Provera

Prescription method of birth control which requires a needle every 12 weeks; also known as ‘the shot’

Diaphragm

Rubber cup inserted in the vagina before sex that prevents pregnancy but does not protect against STIs

Dick

Slang for penis

Dildo

Penis-shaped sex toy

Douching

Washing inside the vagina or the anus

Dyke

Negative term used to describe lesbians.

e
Eating out

Slang for oral sex on a woman

Eggs

Cells that can be fertilized by a male’s sperm to create a baby; released from the ovary once each month

Ejaculation

When semen spurts out of a man’s penis at orgasm; sometimes women ejaculate

Emergency Contraceptive Pill

Used to prevent a pregnancy after intercourse if no other type of birth control was used at the time of intercourse.

Epididymis

A tube through which the sperm leave the testes

f
Fag/faggot

Negative term to describe gay men

Fallopian tubes

Tubes that connect the ovaries to the uterus

FASD

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a condition caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy. It results in life-long mental and emotional challenges for the baby

Fellatio

Licking or sucking penis and/or testicles; oral sex on a male

Female condom

Covering worn inside the vagina to prevent semen and pre-cum from entering a female’s body

Foreskin

Skin covering the head of a man’s penis; may be surgically removed at birth in a procedure called circumcision

g
Gay Man

A man who is attracted to other men.

Gay Woman

A woman who is attracted to other women.

Gender Expression

How one shows they are a man or a woman through clothes, mannerisms, actions, voice, hair style, makeup and grooming – which may or may not match their sex at birth.

Gender Identity

A person’s feelings about whether they are a man or woman – which may or may not be the same as their sex at birth.

Genital herpes

An STI that causes small bumps around the genitals, anus or mouth

Genitals

External parts of the reproductive system (vagina, labia and clitoris for girls; penis and scrotum for boys)

Synonyms: Genital
Gonorrhea

An STI that often has no symptoms and can be easily treated. Also known as ‘the clap’ or ‘the drip’

h
Hard on

Slang term for erection

Hepatitis B

Vaccine-preventable STI that if left untreated can damage the liver

Heterosexual

Someone who is attracted to members of the opposite sex on many levels – emotionally, intellectually and sexually – and defines his or herself as straight.

HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus is an STI that weakens a person’s immune system, eventually leading to AIDS. It is transmitted through bodily fluids such as semen, vaginal fluids and breast milk.

Homosexual

All people who are only attracted to the same sex

HPV

Human Papillomavirus is an STI that causes genital warts and is also linked to some forms of cancer of the cervix in women

i
Intercourse

The penis entering either the vagina or the anus

l
Labia

Skin flaps that cover the vaginal opening, clitoris and urethra

Lesbian

A woman who is attracted to women. A lesbian is a woman who prefers other women on many levels – emotionally, intellectually and sexually—and defines herself as lesbian.

LGBT

A common acronym used for sexual diversity is LGBT, which stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender

Lubricant

A liquid substance that reduces rubbing during sex and may make condoms feel more natural

m
Male condom

Covering worn on the penis that prevents semen and pre-cum from entering his partner’s body

Masturbation

Touching your own sexual organs for pleasure

Menopause

When a female’s menstrual cycle stops

Menstrual bleeding

The blood and lining of the uterus that is shed each month

Menstruation

When the blood and lining that develops in the uterus each month is shed through the vagina each month when a female is not pregnant

Monogamy

Being sexually active and/or romantically involved with only one person at a time

o
Oral dental dam

A piece of plastic used to cover the vagina or anus during oral sex for protection against sexually transmitted infections. It can be placed on the vagina or anus and held in place during oral sex. If you don’t have an oral dental dam, you can make your own by cutting a condom in half.

Synonyms: oral dental dams
Oral sex

Using the mouth and/or tongue to stimulate a partner’s genital area or anus

Orgasm

Pleasurable feeling at the climax of sexual excitement

Ovaries

Part of the female body where eggs are stored; connected to the fallopian tubes

Ovulate

The release of an egg from a female’s ovaries

p
Pap smear

Medical test that looks at a female’s cervix to check for cancer

Period

When the blood and lining that develops in the uterus each month is shed through the vagina each month when a female is not pregnant

Pre-cum

Fluid that gets released from a man’s penis when he has an erection and before he has an orgasm and ejaculates. It contains sperm and can cause pregnancy; pre-cum can also transmit an STI.

Pre-embryo

A fertilized egg, up to 14 days, before it implants in the uterus.

Puberty

Physical and emotional changes during which children become young adults.

Pubic hair

Coarse, dark hair that grows around the genital area in females and males.

Pulling out

When a man takes his penis out of his partner’s body before ejaculation; not an effective form of birth control.

q
Queer

Formerly a negative term and still used in that way by some heterosexuals to describe people with other sexual orientations. Today the term is used by many LGBT (Lesbian/Gay/Bisexual/Transgender) people to include anyone who is gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgendered – but not straight.

r
Rimming

Slang term for analingus

s
Scrotum

Loose bag of skin that holds the testes and helps keep them at a consistent temperature

Secretion

Fluid, pus, liquid or other substance that comes out of the body

Semen

Fluid released from a man’s penis during ejaculation that includes sperm

Sex Toys

A toy used for sexual gratification such as dildo, vibrator and/or flesh like vagina.

Sexual orientation

Who you are attracted to physically, sexually and/or romantically

Sexuality

The way a person expresses themselves sexually, their thoughts, feelings and desires about sexual activities and relationships

Sperm

A cell found in semen that fertilizes a female’s egg to create a baby.

Sterile

Unable to have children

STI

Sexually transmitted infections are spread through sexual contact including skin-to-skin contact and the exchange of body fluids. If left untreated, STIs can make people very sick.

Straight

A slang term for a heterosexual person

Suicide

Taking your own life

t
Testes

Plural form of testicle; part of the male’s genital area where sperm are produced and stored. The testes are protected by the scrotum.

Testicle

Singular form of testes; part of the male’s genital area where sperm are produced and stored.

Testicular Self Exam

A simple way for men to check themselves for the beginning of testicular cancer; should be done once per month by all males over 14.

Testosterone

A male hormone that is made in the testes. It controls things like facial and body hair.

Transgender

Someone who is not comfortable with (or rejects) their birth gender. The term includes transsexuals, transmen (FTM), transwomen (MTF), transvestites and cross dressers.

Transsexual

Someone who has strong and lasting feelings that they are the wrong sex. Some, but not all, transsexuals have full or partial sex reassignment surgery (when a man or woman changes his/her genitalia to that of the opposite sex) and/or hormone therapy.

u
Urethra

Tube that carries pees from the bladder to outside your body.

Uterus/womb

Muscular reproductive organ inside a woman’s body where a baby develops in a normal pregnancy

v
Vaginal intercourse

Form of sex where the penis is inserted into the vagina

Vagina

Passage way between the uterus and the outside of a female’s body

Vas deferens

Tube that carries sperm from the testes to the urethra for ejaculation

Virgin

A person who has never had intercourse (penile-vaginal or penile-anal)

Vulva

Female sex organs on the outside of the body – clitoris, labia and vaginal opening

w
Wet dream

Release of semen from a boy’s penis while he is sleeping; common during puberty

z
Zygote

An egg that has just been fertilized by a sperm